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End-of-Life Care and Interprofessional Communication: Not Simply a Matter of "More"

Hartwick-Doane, G., Stajduhar, K., Causton, E., Bidgood, D., Cox, Amy.  Health and Interprofessional Practice.   2012, Vol. 1 Issue 3, eP1028.

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION A well-functioning interprofessional team has been identified as a central requirement for high quality palliative care. In particular, interprofessional communication and teamwork have been directly linked to patient and family health outcomes. However, evidence suggests that substandard communication and team collaboration between healthcare providers is a persistent challenge that is heightened during palliative care in in-patient settings. This research examined the mechanisms of communication that shaped and impeded interprofessional team practice and coordinated palliative care on acute medical and long-term care units. METHODS This participatory action research project was informed by planned-action and educative-research strategies. The research team worked with healthcare practitioners who cared for dying people in acute and long-term care settings to develop and change practices and institutional arrangements through concurrent phases of ongoing analysis, dialogue, action, and reflection. Data-gathering methods included audio-recorded baseline interviews, observations and on site interactions with field notes, focused group discussions, and meetings. All data was coded using NVivo 9 and a subsequent second level analysis was conducted using Critical Discourse Analysis and Relational Inquiry as an analytical framework.  FINDINGS Two main findings included (a) the way in  which participants drew upon socio-cultural knowledge to structure and enact communication processes and to describe and interpret their communication experiences within the team, and (b) four recurring  relational disjunctures in which conflicting and/or competing messages, goals, or processes hindered the flow and processes of communication and interprofessional team practice.  CONCLUSION Given the way in which ideologies and normative practices shape and contribute to ineffective communicative patterns, the findings suggest that the issue is not only how much communication is happening, but the nature of that communication. Thus, addressing the conflicting and/or competing messages, goals, or processes  shaping the flow and processes of communication within the interprofessional team is necessary. In  particular, explicitly addressing the complex interplay between autonomous professional practice and  interprofessional team collaboration is a crucial step in supporting more effective communication and team cohesion.

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